Botanical name: Curcuma Longa (family: Zingiberaceae)

turmeric

Turmeric (Curcuma longa) is a rhizomatous herbaceous perennial plant of the ginger family, Zingiberaceae. It is native to tropical South Asia and needs temperatures between 20 °C and 30 °C and a considerable amount of annual rainfall to thrive. Plants are gathered annually for their rhizomes, and propagated from some of those rhizomes in the following season.

When not used fresh, the rhizomes are boiled for several hours and then dried in hot ovens, after which they are ground into a deep orange-yellow powder commonly used as a spice in curries and other South Asian and Middle Eastern cuisine, for dyeing, and to impart color to mustard condiments. Its active ingredient is curcumin and it has a distinctly earthy, slightly bitter, slightly hot peppery flavor and a mustardy smell.

In medieval Europe, turmeric became known as Indian saffron, since it was widely used as an alternative to the far more expensive saffron spice.

Nizamabad, a city in the south Indian state of Andhra pradesh, is the world’s largest producer and most important trading center of turmeric in Asia. For these reasons, Nizamabad in history is also known as “Turmeric City”. Sangli, a town in the southern part of the Indian western state of Maharashtra, is the second largest and most important trading center for turmeric in Asia. Turmeric is commonly called “Pasupu” in Telugu,Manjal in Tamil and haridra, haldar or Haldi in Hindi.

turmericpowder

Statistics

 

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Recipe

Kadai Chicken

turmericrecipeIngredients:
½ lb Chicken(cut into medium size pieces)
2 Onion (medium size)
1 Tomato
1 tsp Chilli powder
2 tsp Coriander powder
1 & ½ tsp Ginger-garlic Paste
½ tsp Fennel
½ tsp Turmeric powder
2 Cinnamon(medium size)
½ tsp Garam masala powder
(Hot spice mix)
4 Cloves
2 Bay leaves
1 tbsp Curd(optional)
1 tbsp Cumin seeds
Oil
Coriander leaves for garnishing
Salt for taste

Method:

  • Marinate the chicken with ginger-garlic paste, turmeric powder, garam masala & salt.
  • Pre-heat the oil in a pan & spultter cumin seeds, fennel seeds, Cinnamon, Cloves & bay leaves.
  • Then, add the chopped onion & fry till golden brown & add chopped tomato now and cook the tomato till the oil comes seperate from onion & tomato.
  • And now, add the marinated chicken. Don’t add water to the gravy & cook it for 10 to 15 minutes in medium heat.
  • Now, add the chilli powder & coriander powder & mix well with the chicken.
    Garnish the chicken with the coriander leaves & keep the flame in low heat & close the pan for 5 minutes till the oil comes separate from the chicken.
Home Remedies
  • Turmeric is a relative of ginger is considered as one of the amazing medicinal plants used in India for thousands of years. Lot of scientific study had been done about the medicinal property of turmeric.
  • Its antiseptic property is been proved scientifically.
  • It is used in treating arthritis due to its anti-inflammatory property.
  • Turmeric is used to relieve digestive problems like ulcers, dysentery.
  • It has protective action on liver.
  • Turmeric helps by lowering serum cholesterol and by preventing the formation of the internal blood clots improves circulation and prevents heart disease and stroke.
  • Turmeric can be taken as a drink other than adding to dishes to help prevent all problems. Use one teaspoon of turmeric powder per cup of warm milk every day. It is also used as a paste for local action.
  • Fresh or dry turmeric is used for saline gargles to relieve and prevent sore throats.
Medicinal Value

halditurmericTurmeric is currently being investigated for possible benefits in Alzheimer’s disease, cancer, arthritis, and other clinical disorders. As an example of preliminary laboratory research, turmeric ameliorated the severity of pancreatitis-associated lung injury in mice.

According to a 2005 article in the Wall Street Journal, research activity into curcumin and turmeric is increasing. The U.S. National Institutes of Health currently has registered 61 clinical trials completed or underway to study use of dietary curcumin for a variety of clinical disorders (dated June 2011).

Turmeric rhizome

Some research shows compounds in turmeric to have anti-fungal and anti-bacterial properties, however, curcumin is not one of them.

Cosmetic
Turmeric paste is traditionally used by Indian women to keep them free of superfluous hair and as an antimicrobial. Turmeric paste, as part of both home remedies and Ayurveda, is also said to improve the skin and is touted as an anti-aging agent. Turmeric figures prominently in the bridal beautification ceremonies of India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan. Staining oneself with turmeric is believed to improve the skin tone and tan. Turmeric is currently used in the formulation of some sunscreens.

The government of Thailand is funding a project to extract and isolate tetrahydrocurcuminoids (THC) from turmeric. THCs are colorless compounds that might have antioxidant and skin-lightening properties, and might be used to treat skin inflammations, making these compounds useful in cosmetics formulations.