Mustard seeds generally take three to ten days to germinate if placed under the proper conditions, which include a cold atmosphere and relatively moist soil. Mature mustard plants grow into shrubs.
Mustard grows well in temperate regions. Major producers of mustard seeds include Canada (90%), Hungary, Great Britain, India, Pakistan and the United States. Brown and black mustard seeds return higher yields than their yellow counterparts.
In Pakistan, rapeseed-mustard is the second most important source of oil, after cotton. It is cultivated over an area of 307,000 hectares with annual production of 233,000 tonnes and contributes about 17% to the domestic production of edible oil.
Mustard seed is a rich source of oil and protein. The seed has oil as high as 46-48 percent, whole seed meal has 43.6 percent protein.
Chicken curry with peas
Chicken pieces (medium-sized): 8–10
Peas: 100 g
Curry leaves: 15
Mustard seeds: ½ tsp
Cumin seeds: ½ tsp
Asafoetida (Hing): 3 pinches
Turmeric powder: ½ tsp
Lime juice: 1 tbsp
Boiled split red lentils: ½ cup
Onion (finely chopped): ¾ cup
Garlic (finely crushed): 2 tbsp
Green chilli paste (optional): 1 tsp
Sugar: ¼ tsp
Salt (divided): 1 tsp
Warm water: ½ cup
Oil: 3 tbsp
- Marinate the chicken with turmeric powder and half the salt for 30 min.
- Heat the oil to its smoking point. Add the cumin seeds, mustard seeds and curry leaves in that order. Add the onion and sauté for 5 min. Add the finely crushed garlic, asafoetida and green chilli paste now. Continue to sauté for 5 min or until the onion turns brown.
- Add the marinated chicken to this. Mix well and cover the lid. Cook for 15 min, stirring occasionally.
- Add the peas, boiled lentils and the paste of one tomato to this. Also, add the salt and sugar at this stage.
- Add the warm water, mix well and boil the curry for 10 min. Switch off the gas and add the lime juice now.
- Serve this with idli, dosa, steamed rice or roti.
- Yellow mustard is regarded as an important remedy for freckles. A few amounts of yellow mustard can be grinded well to prepare a paste. This paste can be applied over the spots before going to sleep and can be rinsed off in the morning.
Muscular Pains :- Mustard is a rubefacient which causes reddening and warming of the skin. Its plaster or paste made with water, is applied as analgesic. in rheumatism, sciatica, paralysis of limbs and other muscular pains. The plaster should, however, never be directly applied to the skin as it may cause painful blistering. A layer of lint material should be put between the mustard paste and the skin.
- Poisoning :- Mustard seeds have emetic propenies which cause vomiting. A teaspoonful of seeds, mixed in a glassful of water, generally produces free vomiting in five to 10 minutes. This is especially useful in drunkenness, narcotic and other poisonings.
- Convulsion in Children :- A teaspoonful of powdered mustard seeds mixed in a gallon of warm water is used as therapeutic bath in convulsion of children caused by high fever.
- Ringworm :- Mustard paste as an external application is highly beneficial in the treatment of ringworm. This paste should be applied after washing the skin with sufficiently hot water.
Here are three most commonly used types of mustard seeds, including brown mustard (Brassica juncea), white mustard (Brassica alba) and black mustard (Brassica nigra), which are available in powdered from or as whole. Mustard seeds are used for producing oil, which is known for its excellent warming properties and can be used for massages. In addition, mustard seeds have very high nutritional value, being a source of many important microelements and nutrients. One of the healthiest and the least caloric spices, mustard seeds are used in almost every world’s cuisines and are among the world’s most demanded spices, which is especially loved in India, Canada and the US.
Mustard seed benefits include anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory properties. Being a great source of selenium and magnesium, mustard seeds can decrease inflammation and reduce the symptoms of such diseases as rheumatoid arthritis or asthma. The seeds also contain isothiocyanates, known for their anti-cancer effects. Other useful elements and nutrients which can be found in mustard seeds and mustard greens are calcium, iron, manganese, phosphorus, zinc, niacin, dietary fiber and very valuable omega 3 fatty acids, which can lower cholesterol levels and protect us from having heart disease.