Botanical name: Zingiber officinale R. (family: Zingiberaceae)


gingerGinger is the rhizome of the plant Zingiber officinale, consumed as a delicacy, medicine, or spice. It lends its name to its genus and family (Zingiberaceae). Other notable members of this plant family are turmeric, cardamom, and galangal.

Ginger cultivation began in South Asia and has since spread to East Africa and the Caribbean. It is sometimes called root ginger to distinguish it from other things that share the name ginger.

Ginger produces clusters of white and pink flower buds that bloom into yellow flowers. Because of its aesthetic appeal and the adaptation of the plant to warm climates, ginger is often used as landscaping around subtropical homes. It is a perennial reed-like plant with annual leafy stems, about a meter (3 to 4 feet) tall.

Traditionally, the root is gathered when the stalk withers; it is immediately scalded, or washed and scraped, to kill it and prevent sprouting.

In Western cuisine, ginger is traditionally used mainly in sweet foods such as ginger ale, gingerbread, ginger snaps, parkin, ginger biscuits and speculaas. A ginger-flavored liqueur called Canton is produced in Jarnac, France. Green ginger wine is a ginger-flavored wine produced in the United Kingdom, traditionally sold in a green glass bottle. Ginger is also used as a spice added to hot coffee and tea.




Ginger Chicken

1 lb chicken drumsticks
1 cup plain yogurt
4 green chilies
1 medium sized onion (finely chopped)
1 small root of ginger
3 cloves garlic
Salt and black pepper to taste
4 tbsp oil
Coriander leaves for garnishing


  • Blend green chilies, ginger, garlic, and black pepper to a fine paste.
  • Add yogurt to this mix.
  • Marinate chicken drumsticks with the above mix and leave it for an hour.
  • In a non-stick pan, heat enough oil and let onions fry until brown.
  • Add chicken drumsticks to the onions and fry them until done.
  • Add some salt to taste and garnish with coriander leaves.
Home Remedies
  • Try pure ginger juice for stomach upsets nausea, heartburn, abdominal cramps, and motion sickness. First thing in the morning take ginger tea. it will help you from morning sickness.
  • Ginger can be useful in keeping cholesterol levels under control.
    Ginger helps in the digestion since it contains a compound similar to the digestive enzymes found in our digestive tract, which may help to digest a heavy, protein-rich meal more easily.
  • Ginger can be chewed to relieve toothache.
  • Hot ginger drink is effective for cold and flu.
  • It helps to clear the blocked nose and stimulate the liver to remove toxins from the blood stream.
  • Ginger juice is made with a teaspoon of freshly squeezed juice of ginger and lime and a teaspoon of honey in hot water.
Medicinal Value

gingervaluePreliminary research indicates that nine compounds found in ginger may bind to human serotonin receptors, which may explain ginger’s extensive effects on the GI tract and suggesting a mechanism for its effects on anxiety.

Ginger has been found to be more effective than placebo in multiple studies for treating nausea caused by seasickness, morning sickness and chemotherapy though ginger was not found superior to placebo for pre-emptively treating post-operative nausea. These studies also show superiority of odansetron over ginger in the treatment of chemotherapy related nausea. It must be noted that all of the studeies that exist in the literature are small and lack statistical significance.Ginger is a safe for use during pregnancy. The television program Mythbusters performed an antedotal experiment using one of their staff who suffered from severe motion sickness. Multiple treatments were administered; ginger as well as over the counter motion sickness aids were found to be effective over placebo.

Ginger compounds are active against a form of Diarrhoea which is the leading cause of infant death in developing countries. Zingerone is likely to be the active constituent against enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin-induced diarrhoea.

Ginger has been claimed to decrease the pain from arthritis, though studies have been inconsistent. It may also have blood thinning and cholesterol lowering properties that may make it useful for treating heart disease.

Advanced glycation end-products are possibly associated in the development of several pathophysiologies, including diabetic cataract for which ginger was effective in preliminary studies, apparently by acting through antiglycating mechanisms.